The Structural map of the Arabian Plate and surrounding areas has been supported by the GCCC with the aim of building bridges between the Tectonic map of Africa (published in 2010) and the International tectonic map of Asia (underway), as well as because of the importance of the Arabian Plate in understanding the geodynamic processes that led to the collision between the African and Eurasian blocks. The completion of this Structural map of the Arabian Plate and surrounding areas was carried out within the framework of the research agreements established between the TOTAL company, the University of Cergy-Pontoise and the CCGM. It is the result of a synthesis of a large number of international contributions and both published and unpublished data.
The map focuses on Phanerozoic evolution. Pan-African basement outcrops in the Arabian and Nubian shields are therefore not differentiated. On the basement, the thickness of weakly deformed domains (intracontinental basins, continental margins) have been represented by isopaques. Where possible (Arabian Platform), two sets of isopaics are shown above and below the most important Palaeozoic unconformities beneath the Upper Carboniferous formations. In the orogenic systems that link the Arabian Platform to the north (Zagros, Makran and Oman ranges), the age of the main deformations is represented by colours. In the Zagros region, this representation allows the propagation of deformation from the suture to the fore-chain to be visualised, as well as the current deformation front. Between the Zagros suture and the undifferentiated outcrops of the Eurasian domain in the NE corner of the map, a series of continental blocks are shown. Two categories are distinguished, the Cimmerian blocks in the east and the Taurus-Armenian blocks in the west. Major sutures along the boundaries of the main plates and minor sutures in the Cimmerian and Taurus-Armenian domains are also clearly indicated.